Friday, January 8, 2016

Committed to Social Justice: 50 Years of the Afro-American Society

Letter from Afro-American Society to members of the federal governmentFounded in April of 1966, in the midst of the American civil rights movement, the Afro-American Society (AAS) was a deliberate attempt to increase awareness of and create community for African-American students at Dartmouth as well as to make the Dartmouth experience relevant to the outside world. Before this time, black students on campus had tended to "go their separate ways," according to a member of the class of 1958. However, in the 1960s, the American civil rights movement came to campus through speeches given on campus by Dr Martin Luther King, Jr., and other national black leaders such as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. These intersections with issues of national importance had a profound impact upon the African-American students at Dartmouth, who began to see themselves as a community on campus instead of isolated individuals. Their subsequent increased commitment to social justice and desire to strengthen their communal identity gave birth to the Afro-American Society, which has continued a strong tradition of fighting against social inequality both on campus and in the larger global community.

Response from the White House to the Afro-American Society's letterIn the decades following its inception, the Afro-American Society has continued to be a force for change at the national level. In 1981, the organization sent a letter to several prominent national political figures in Washington, D.C., including President Ronald Reagan and Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill to recommend that Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday become a national holiday. Two years previously, a bipartisan effort to that effect had been narrowly defeated in the U.S. House of Representatives. The White House's response was carefully crafted, avoiding any mention of the fact that Reagan himself was not a fan of the proposal. However, true to his word, the President eventually signed the holiday into existence on November 2, 1983, when the bill finally came to his desk. Still, it would take nearly seventeen years before the entire country formally recognized the holiday, with Utah being the last state to hold out.

This year marks fifty years since the Afro-American Society first came into being. In celebration of that fact, and in collaboration with the Office of Institutional Diversity and Equity's week-long celebration of the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Rauner Library is displaying an exhibit in the Reading Room related to the efforts of the Afro-American Society to promote social justice down through the years. The exhibit will be up from January 8 through February 26. Come by any time we're open to check it out! Once the exhibit comes down, you can still see the exchange of correspondence by asking to see Box 3607 from the African-American Society records (DO-47). The letters are in a folder marked "Correspondence with National Government."

Tuesday, January 5, 2016

Campaign Expenses

Expense voucher for two six-packs of beer for Paul NewmanIt is that time again. The New Hampshire primaries are in full swing. The airways are filling with campaign ads, and robo calls are harassing us at dinner. To commemorate New Hampshire's periodic step up onto the national stage, we have just mounted an exhibit, "Up For Grabs: Campaigning, Debating and the New Hampshire Primaries" in the Class of 1965 Galleries. It is full of interesting memorabilia from past campaigns, but perhaps the most intriguing item is a simple expense voucher from 1968 for beer--beer for Paul Newman.

In 1968 the Associate Director of Dartmouth College's Public Affairs Center, David Hoeh, helped to persuade Senator Eugene McCarthy to enter the New Hampshire Primary. He coordinated McCarthy's campaign that ended up restructuring the whole race. McCarthy's strong showing in New Hampshire led to President Johnson's decision not to seek reelection and Robert Kennedy's entrance into the fray. Hoeh had a little help: one of McCarthy's biggest backers was Paul Newman, who parlayed his fame into support for the little-known Senator. Apparently, one of his needs on the campaign trail was a supply of beer. His tastes seemed modest: $2.50 bought two six-packs.

You can see the voucher now through February 9th in the exhibition. After that, ask for ML-56, Box 6, Folder 2.