Friday, September 6, 2013

Dangerous Prescriptions

A half-filled page fo handwritten text.In January 1777, a small pox epidemic was slowly working it way toward Hanover. A group of Dartmouth students petitioned the College and the town to allow them to inoculate themselves. This was before the relatively safe small pox vaccination was discovered. The dangerous inoculation method was to introduce a live strain of the small pox virus into a scratch on the arm. The hope was that a person in good health would develop a mild case of small pox, get over it, then be immune to future infection. Most of the time it worked, but occasionally it had dire consequences. The famed Great Awakening preacher Jonathan Edwards died from taking the inoculation when he was president of Princeton, and, if things went poorly, a group taking the inoculation could inadvertently start a fresh wave of epidemic.

In our collections are several remnants of the 1777 epidemic including this prescription from the local doctor, Gideon Tiffany. The prescription is for a strong purgative to be prepared a fortnight before inoculation and to be taken once in three or four days. What it did was to weaken the system before the introduction of the virus!

The Dartmouth students successfully inoculated themselves but they passed the small pox on to a local native child who was bringing them food. A letter written by one of the students seemed to dismiss the significance of the child's infection...

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

The Mock Up as Art

A drawn botanical pattern, with sets of eyes peeking out from within.At some stage in their production, most books get a "mock up." They are usually pretty ugly creations: chunks of galley text that are glued onto a backing with spaces left for illustrations that are sometimes there and more often not. But Abner Dean, Dartmouth Class of 1931, took the mock up to the level of art.

A handmade cover for Not Far From the Jungle, featuring green foliage on a yellow background. To its right is a visual similar finished book.
The manuscript he submitted for his Not Far From the Jungle (Cleveland: World Publishing Company, 1956) is fully bound, hand lettered, and contains an original watercolor for each opening. Topping it off, the end papers and cover are done by hand and the book jacket is also complete in watercolor.

It is an amazing bit of work that makes you appreciate how carefully Dean constructed the physical manifestations of his light verse and comic drawings.

A poem titled "Lines on Lions." To its left is a watercolor illustration of a lion seated at a desk and shouting into a phone.
We only recently acquired this, so it is not yet cataloged, but you can asking for it at the Rauner Reference desk. If you want more, we have dozens of Dean's books and his papers (ML-44).