Friday, April 23, 2010

Risley Family, Stonecutters

A drawing of a gravestone design including a sun with a face and some light botanical detailing. The central text reads "In testimony of unfeigned affection, the Society of Social Friends have consecrated this marble to perpetuate the memory of their highly esteemed brother, Levi Newcomb, member of the senior class Dartmouth College; who died April 23 1810, aged 20 years."200 years ago, on April 23, 1810, Levi Newcomb of the Class of 1810, died in Hanover just a few months before his anticipated graduation. Fellow members of the Society of Social Friends, one of two literary societies active at the College at the time, engaged the Risley family of stone cutters to create Newcomb's gravestone, based upon this design. The marble stone as executed by the Risley's varies somewhat from the drawing, and can still be seen in the Dartmouth Cemetery.

The Risley papers document only three student stones, but the family produced gravestones for Dartmouth faculty members, many Hanover residents, and in 1810 were contracted to carve replacement table stones for Dartmouth founder Eleazar Wheelock and his wife Mary. Although there are only a few design drawings within the papers, they do contain deeds, orders, receipts, business correspondence and almost 175 epitaphs, providing an unusual insight into early New England gravestone carving practices and production.

As for the Newcomb family, Levi's father was the Hon. Daniel Newcomb, Harvard 1768, who also sent his elder son to Dartmouth. Henry Newcomb, Class of 1807, joined the U.S. Navy after graduation and died in 1825 when the ship bringing him home on furlough, the brig Helen, foundered and all but one of the crew perished.

The original drawing for Newcomb's gravestone can be found in the Papers of the Risley Family, MS-235 and is discussed in Margaret Moody Stier's "'Wonderfully Lettered and Carved': The Gravestones of the Risley Family, 1786-1835," Dartmouth College Library Bulletin, April 1983.

Tuesday, April 20, 2010

Plan of Paris

An illustrated aerial view of Paris, with Notre Dame as the central feature.One of the pleasures of working in Rauner Library is the "discovery" of things we never really appreciated. While preparing for a class session on French cultural history, we found a catalog listing for Turgot's ambitious Plan of Paris from 1739. The book contains 20 plates that fit together to create a detailed, bird's eye view of Paris as it was in 1739.  The cartographers were given permission to enter any structure in Paris so they could accurately depict every feature of the city.

Curiously, the map is not laid out in the conventional north-south perspective.  Instead, we see the city from the east. The reason?  So the facades of the east-facing churches could be displayed.  Fully assembled, the map would be approximately eight feet tall and ten feet wide.
An aerial illustration of Paris.

Come see the atlas by requesting Rare Book G1844.P3 B7 1739.  Kyoto University Library created an interactive digital version.