Friday, January 18, 2013

An Inaugural Parade

An illustrated program for the "Woman Suffrage Procession."The Inauguration celebration will take place this Monday, marking the beginning of Barack Obama's second term. His victory over Mitt Romney proved the importance of winning female voters (Romney had the majority of male votes, but Obama garnered 54% of the female vote, leading to his victory).

With this in mind, we can appreciate the importance of another Inauguration Day—Woodrow Wilson's on March 4th, 1913. On this day, women from across the country marched down Pennsylvania Avenue to the steps of the Treasury Building where they performed an allegorical pageant in support of women's suffrage.

A Page of printed text with the header "Principals in The Allegory."The pageant was designed and directed by Hazel MacKaye, and "illustrated those ideals towards which both men and women had been struggling through the ages and toward which, in the suffrage creed, they would with cooperation and equality, continue to strive." MacKaye demonstrated these ideals by showing Columbia using a horn to summon the personifications of Justice, Charity, Liberty, Peace and Hope to aid her in the "New Crusade" of women. These characters appeared in robes of rose, violet, and white, and the pageant incorporated dance and the star spangled banner. It culminated in a colorful tableau--a striking contrast to the black-coated gentlemen occupying the White House next door.

Celebrate this year's Inauguration and relive the suffragist fight by asking for Boxes 209 and 217 of The MacKaye Family Papers (ML-5).

Posted for Lucy Morris '14

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Ladylike and Manly Books

A stack of books, two large and two small.We often think of genre literature as gendered--romance for women, westerns for men--but we don't usually see books themselves as explicitly gendered. In this case, it is hard not to notice. These are two conduct, or etiquette, books from the late 18th century: the first edition of Chesterfield's Letters (London: J. Dodsley, 1774) and an American edition of Mrs. Chapone's Letter's on the Improvement of the Mind (Boston: Isaiah Thomas, 1783).

A page from "Letters on the Improvement of the Mind."
Guess which is written for men and which is for women. The Chesterton is such a manly book. Imposing in stature, with a title page filled with, well, titles, it is too large to hold comfortably and seems at home on a gentleman's library table. The Chapone's two slender volumes are designed to fit neatly in a young woman's hand. They are portable and suggest a more intimate reading. In a way, they are fulfilling their missions--Chesterton is trying to make a gentleman out of his son with his Letters, and Mrs. Chapone is trying to produce ladies. The differing reading experiences would have conformed to the 18th-century distinction.

A title page for "Letters."
Take a look by asking for Val 825C42 S83 and Presses T363c.